Metabolic Organic Acids Test
50+ Organic Acids in Urine
This organic acid test measures more than 55 organic compound levels in urine produced by the body as part
of many vital biochemical pathways. A defect in a particular pathway can result in either accumulated or
reduced levels of its byproducts. Thus, measuring these markers can help identify the compromised or
impaired metabolic process.
Test results categorize organic acids into major metabolic areas and concerns:
✔ Gastrointestinal dysbiosis or yeast and bacterial overgrowth markers
✔ Energy production
✔ Carbohydrates, protein, and fat metabolism
✔ Nutritional imbalances and methylation indicators
✔ Detoxification or toxic exposure
✔ Neurotransmitter metabolites
- Identify metabolic disruptions resulting from nutritional imbalances, vitamin deficiencies, gut dysbiosis, poor
detoxification, toxin exposure, and oxidative stress.
- Check for rare genetic defects of metabolism, commonly as a follow-up test for positive newborn screen result.
- Reference ranges are age- and gender-specific, based on published scientific articles from healthy cohort.
- Abnormal levels of a single organic acid are non-specific indicator and can point to multiple anomalies.
Combination of markers are often used to narrow down the potential root cause. The focus is identifying the
overall pattern, rather than individual abnormalities.
- Results should be interpreted in the context of the bigger picture and should correlate with other laboratory tests, signs, and symptoms, as well as medical history and lifestyle of the patient.
Specimen: 20 ml midstream urine (24-hour or first morning)
Turnaround Time: 10 working days from receipt of sample
Specimen Viability: Store at -20ºC (freezer) upon collection and ship on ice. Stable for 3 months.
▸Limit water intake to 8 glasses on the day of collection.
▸Avoid high intake of apples, grapes (or raisins), pears, cranberries, or their juices for 2 days prior to
▸Stop supplementation 3 days before urine collection.
▸If supplements cannot be stopped, or if patient has taken antibiotic 30 days before the test, please
indicate on the test request form.:
Bouatra S, Aziat F, Mandal R, Guo AC, Wilson MR, Knox C, et al. (2013) The Human Urine Metabolome. PLoS ONE 8(9): e73076. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0073076
Lord, Richard & Bralley, J. (2008). Clinical applications of urinary organic acids. Part I: Detoxification markers. Alternative medicine review : a journal of clinical therapeutic. 13. 205-15.
Ramsay, Morton, Norris, Kanungo. Organic Acid Disorders. Annals of Translational Medicine. 2018;6(24):472
Sharma, Prakarti & Kumar, Parikshit & Tyagi, Mayurika & Sharma, Rachna & Dhot, Paramjit. (2018). Prevalence of Inborn Errors of Metabolism in Neonates. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic
Research. 12. BC07-BC13. 10.7860/JCDR/2018/30035.11515.
S. Kolker, Organic Acid Disorders. Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences (Second Edition) 2014, Pages 688-693
Wishart DS, Feunang YD, Marcu A, Guo AC, Liang K, et al., HMDB 4.0 — The Human Metabolome Database for 2018. Nucleic Acids Res. 2018. Jan 4;46(D1):D608-17. 29140435. https://hmdb.ca/